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Tuesday, September 17, 2013

Whitewater Rafting

Rafting is inarguably the simplest manner of exploring Arcadian Nepal. The waters supply one thing to everybody: from grade 5-5+ rivers with several raging Whitewater Rafting for the brave and therefore the adventurous, to grade 2-3 rivers with a number of rapids for the laid-back sort. the gorgeous issue is that almost about anybody, whether or not recent or terribly young, can raft. Moreover, it will either be a two-week trip or a 2-3 day trip-you decide.

RAFTING Kayaking Canyoning the very fact that you simply wish to raft down Nepal's difficult rivers means you've got some time past graduated from the nursery faculty of "Row, row, row your boat". the various 'raftable' rivers in Nepal meander between canyons, villages, and forests, wildlife, like pine needle through thread, weaving the country's wealthy tapestry of ethno-culture and bio-diversity. Originating within the bowels of the himalaya, these rivers flow across the length and breadth of Nepal and neighboring India, before emptying largely into the Bay of Bengal.

Paddle rafting is strongly suggested. It involves teamwork with the river runner barking directions from his perch on the aft. you'll be able to either do participatory rafting, where you and your cluster are given a runner and barebone workers support, or a "luxury safari style" trip where a full team of workers is provided to handle your group's each want and wish. Mind you, rafting isn't the sole thanks to travel downstream. a number of firms provide inflatable kayaks, or fiberglass kayaks for rent.

An extreme sport popular in Europe, Canoeing is now available in Nepal. Canoeing gives you the freedom to explore some of the most ruggedly beautiful, yet forbidden places in the world.

Season
October through mid-December and March through early might are the most effective times. it's doable in winter, however you've got to look at out for hypothermia. Throughout monsoon (June through September), the whitewater sections are dangerous, however gentler stretches are runnable.

Raft Route
River Profiles: up to now the govt. has opened sections of ten rivers for industrial rafting.

Karnali (arcade 4-5): Nepal's longest, it flows through steep, jagged canyons where the rapids are tightly-packed, giving continuous difficult water in the slightest degree flows. Either a bus ride to far-western Nepal or a flight to Nepalgunj will take you there. The river section takes concerning seven days to navigate, at the same time as you explore canyons and waterfalls. For those craving an adrenaline rush, this river could be a should.

Sun Kosi (grade 4-5): this is often the longest river trip (270km) offered in Nepal. you start at Dolalghat simply 3 hours out of Katmandu and finish in Chatara, down the Gangetic Plain of north India, nine or ten days later. The Sun Kosi starts off with comparatively delicate rapids the primary number of days. The surprises sneak up on you throughout the last days. it's thought of one in all the world's prime ten classic river journeys.

Trisuli (grade 3+): the most affordable river trip offered in Nepal, where you pay $20 or thus per day. though comparatively unsafe throughout monsoon, it's fun otherwise. A Trisuli river trip may be combined with visits to Chitwan or Pokhara. it's undoubtedly the foremost well-liked of Nepal's raftable rivers.

Kali Gandaki (grade 5-5+): Sacred Hindu river, here the rapids are technically difficult, winding through canyons and gorges. beginning at Baglung, you may raft right down to Ramdighat in five-six days. you will then continue on to the confluence with the Trisuli at Devghat, adding another a hundred thirty km and 3-4 days.

Bhote Kosi (grade 4-5): some of hours out of Kathmandu, it's twenty six km of continuous white water. may be tired two days. it's the steepest river rafted in Nepal, requiring Zen-like concentration from the river-runner, and giving an adrenaline rush even in low-water months. beginning higher than Barabise, you raft right down to the dam at Lamosangu.

Upper Sun Kosi (grade 1-2): Begins at Khadichour and ends in Dolalghat. The river is lined with clean sandy beaches, that build for nice picnic or camping spots. The trip offers a good family getaway, removed from the madding crowd.

Marsyangdi (grade 5-5+): The raging Marsyangdi is four days of continuous white water. Begins from the village of Ngadi, up from Besisahar. because the rapids are unrelenting, it's suggested that you simply consult corporations with variant expertise on underneath their belt. For individuals yearning for a 5-6 tour with raging rapids, the Marsyangdi is unquestionably where it's at.

Other rivers: The Bheri in western Nepal may be combined with a visit to the Royal Bardia National park. The Arun from Tumlingtar is another choice.

 Safety
Safety is the most important part of any river trip. Choosing a professional veteran rafting company is the first step. So it helps to abide by the following tips:
Pick your river with care. Seek information from a rafting agency, local experts, and literature on river levels and difficulty.
There should be a minimum of two rafts per trip, so that one can help when a fall happens from the other.
Carry first-aid kit, survival and rescue gear.
Check to see that end loops and the leash are adequate before you push off. This makes it easier to keep hold of your boat when swimming big rapids, and also in the event of rescue.
Be a team person, paddle synchronously.
For boats, paddles and helmets, loud colors are recommended.
Wear life jackets and helmets, properly too.
Keep your feet and arms inside the raft at all time.
When you fall off into a rapid, float on your back, with your feet downstream.

Saturday, August 31, 2013

About Mountain Biking

Nepal's various terrain may be a mountain biker's dream journey come back true. Mountain biking offers an environmentally sound manner of exploring this magnificent country, its landscape and living heritage. as a result of this can be a Spartan, laborious mode of travel, it's additionally thought of the thanks to travel by the 'purists'. There are many dirt roads and trails in Nepal to satisfy each mountain biker's wildest fantasy. Mountain biking is additionally suggested if you want to explore the urban centers like Pokhara and Kathmandu, and the outskirts. Imagine, if you may, a ride through lush inexperienced rice fields, through hamlets,the hillside up and down, along the river bank, around temples, past the road roaming cattle, along the highway, you name it. Through snow, monsoon heavy shower, wonderful light-weight effects, or fierce head winds, looking on place and season. The adventurous souls might arrange extended visits to such exotic locales as Tibet, Namche Bazaar, and western Nepal. you'll even do the whole length of Nepal across the plains. What you'll or cannot do on mountain bike is proscribed solely by your imagination. it absolutely was within the mid Nineteen Eighties that Biking activity extremely took off in Kathmandu within the mid Nineteen Eighties. Enthusiasts flew with their bikes from East Asia to Tibet to try and do a 2-week journey from there over the passes (17,000-ft) to Nepal. This landmark event place Nepal squarely in mountain biker's map. so Kathmandu nowadays is taken into account a Mecca for mountain bicyclists, drawing many enthusiasts from all corners of the planet once a year.

Bike Routes 
Some of the regular routes that cowl the valley are those that weave in and out of Bhaktapur, Patan and Kathmandu. Day 1: Kathmandu (24 km/ 3-4 hours): begin from the nerve center of recent Kathmandu, the Durbar sq., and wind your high to holy Swambhu, additionally referred to as the temple of monkey. Then ride up and over ring road, to say, Kakani, and reenter Kathmandu from the Northwest corner through terraced farmland and hamlets abandoned by time. Day 2: Bhaktapur (30 km/ 4-5 hours): Begin at Thimi, the restored capital of Bhaktapur and head up the tortuous road to Changu-Narayan Temple and come back via farming villages. Then head right down to Pashupati along the bank of the Bagmati River, and land up at a Buddhist shrine, the Bouddhanath stupa. Day 3: Patan (51 km/8-9 hours): begin in Patan, winding your approach through the maze of alleys with ornately-carved windows, taking in historical sites like the Krishna Temple,  Patan Durbar Square and Golden Temple. Then head southeast past Ring Road to Panauti along a tough off-road path. Then come back to Kathmandu via a paved road or an equivalent path. Alternatively, you may leave to Dakshinkali or Godavari. alternative outlying places fashionable with the enthusiasts are Nagarjuna, Nage Gompa, Tokha, Ichangu Narayan, Gomcha, Bungmati, Kakani, Dhulikhel and Nagarkot.

Further mountain bike trips are those extending from:
Dhulikhel to Kodari (82 km), close to the Tibetan border Naubise to Royal Chitwan Park along the Rajpath through such scenic places because the Palung Valley, Daman, and also the not-so-scenic industrial city of Hetauda within the plains Hetauda to Muglang by approach of Narayanghat Lakeside Pokhara up and along the ridge to Sarangkot purpose, and continuing on to Naudanda from where you'll soak up the breathtaking close-up read of the Himalayas and also the Pokhara Valley Naudanda to Pokhara through Lumle, Beni and Birethanti, Naudanda to Pokhara (32 km) either via Sarangkot path described in a pair of. or the highway track, that starts with a tortuous half dozen km descent into Modi Khola valley. There are several a lot of choices if you're willing to require the time to seek out out and blaze your own path.

Wednesday, August 7, 2013

Tourism in Africa

Big Cats in Africa Jungle
Africa, the second largest continent, with its diverse geography has a very good prospect for tourism. It is very rich in natural beauty and wildlife. The Savannah grassland of Africa is known as the "Zoo of the World" for its large varieties of wildlife. Many national parks have been established in Kenya, Tanzania and Uganda. Kenya alone has 40 national parks. This national park attracts millions of tourists every year. Thus, tourism is one of the important means of earning foreign currency for a continent like Africa. But there are some problems related to tourism in Africa. Vast areas in Africa have been converted to wildlife reserves, national parks and sanctuaries. In such places free movement and entry of people is restricted. Due to this, a large group of local people who depends on animal rearing and agriculture have lost their grazing and agricultural lands. Poaching of wild animals for its tusks, horns and skin has become a very serious problem in Africa. Many animals have become extinct or are on the verge of becoming extinct due to such illegal activities. Unorganized wildlife safaris are creating noise and air pollution in most of the reserves and parks. This is resulting in the extinction and displacement of many wildlife and birds from their natural habitat. Lack of proper and organised facilities for tourists, such as, animal viewing sites, food, water, transport and communication is also another major problem related to tourism in Africa. 

Sunday, July 21, 2013

North America, South America, Africa and Nepal

North and South America
North America and South America are two big continents located in the western hemisphere while Nepal is country located entirely in the eastern hemisphere. Due to its vast longitudinal difference, the day and night in these two places are exactly the opposite i.e. when it is day in America or Brazil, it is night in Nepal. Besides the longitudinal difference, their cultures, traditions, religion and the state of development is very different from Nepal. The high mountain ranges like the Rockies in North America and the Andes in South America are similar to the Himalayas of Nepal. As a matter of fact, all these mountain ranges are young fold mountains and originated at the same time.

North America, especially the USA and Canada, has a very good diplomatic relationship with Nepal. Besides, the USA and Canada are countries with immense opportunities. A large numbers of Nepali youths go there in pursue of better education or for further studies.Some of the students are also granted scholarships. Nepal can benefit a lot by availing good opportunities to the highly qualified Nepali manpower in the country. Nepal can also benefit economically and technically for its development with the help in the form of grants and aids provided by these countries. 

Nepal does not have a very close relationship with South America. Most of the countries of South America are less developed like Nepal. During the Falkland War between Britain and Argentina, The name of Nepal was much in highlight because the British Gorkha soldiers were deployed in the war. The British Gorkha soldiers earned name and fame for their bravery in the war. There is no doubt that the relationship between Nepal and South America will increase and develop in the near future.

The continent of Africa is very close to Asia in comparison to North and South America. But despite its closeness to Asia, Africa is different from Nepal in many respects. Nepal is not so familiar in the continent of Africa. But, it has good relationship with Egypt, one of the most developed countries of Africa. It has been learnt that, at present, some people from Nepal have settled down in Africa doing trade and business. Like Africa, Nepal too is rich in natural beauty. Nepal can learn a lot from the national parks established in Kenya and Tanzania regarding the management of national parks and development of tourism. Nepali peace keeping force has been deployed to many countries of Africa to settle down their internal conflicts and maintain peace in the continent.

Saturday, July 13, 2013

David's Fall

David's Fall
Patale Chhango or Niagara Hell, has accumulated many names over the years. Located near the airport in Pokhara, this attraction has become one of the most popular tourist attractions in Nepal. Also known as Devi Falls, David Falls, Niagara Falls and Devin Devis, the name can take different forms, but the view remains the same. It is an area that is known for its beauty and tranquility, and the legend of the Falls of the Devi gives a touch of mystery and adventure to this sight.One versions speak of a walker or hiker who went by the name of David Devin, Devi or Davis. The unfortunate hiker was dragged through the water suddenly and leads down into the underground passages and caves that are below the waterfall. The other tells the story of a woman Davi, a Swiss tourist in Nepal, which was swimming in the lake Fewa. The dam unexpectedly began to overflow and watched helplessly Davi husband while his wife swept waters of the waterfall. This version was performed in 1961 and Mrs. Davi body was never found. 


The water that feeds the falls comes from Fewa Devi (Phewa) Lake, which follows a sequence of rocks running time down the waterfall and disappear. This may sound incredible, but the steps are executed on the floor with the hole below the waterfall. The best time to see this spectacular view is during the monsoon season, when there is high rainfall and summer season. During these periods, water flows and rushes over rocks and through the gorges, giving visitors an impressive spectacle. The landscape and nature surrounding the Devi Falls is as spectacular as the waterfall and visitors will find many photo opportunities in this view. Visitors to the region of Pokhara is recommended to take a trip to Patale Chhango heard the legend of the Falls and enjoy a quiet afternoon near the foaming water.

Tuesday, July 9, 2013

Folk Musical Instruments of Nepal


The music which is played during an event like jatras, fairs, festival, ceremony, etc are called folk music. It is also played along with folk songs. Folk music is associated with a particular place, race, religion and culture, etc. Generally, folk musical instruments are made using the locally available materials. Madal, Sarangi, Jhyali, Sankha, etc are some examples of folk musical instruments.
The folk music represents the culture of a certain place and race. Each community has its own culture and tradition, and is associated with its common or peculiar musical instrument s.  Such musical instrument s differ according to the place and caste. Kin and jhyali are the common musical instrument s of the Newar community living in the Kathmandu valley and other cities of Nepal. Yalamber is a popular musical instrument of the Kirants of eastern Nepal. Sarangi is a typical musical instrument of Gandarva community of Pokhara. Damphu is an essential musical instrument of Tamang. Panchai Baja is played by Damai community during the wedding ceremony.

Along with folk songs, various musical instruments are also played in different festivals, jatras and ceremonies in Nepal. Like folk songs, musical instruments also differ according to place, race, religion and culture. A brief introduction of musical instruments played in Nepal.

Madal: It is one of the most popular musical instruments of the Nepalese community. This musical instrument was first used by the Magar community. Later on, it gained popularity throughout the country. It is made by making a hollow (big hole) in a piece of thick log and its both open sides are covered with skin. It is carried around the waist and played by both hands.

Sarangi: It is a traditional musical instrument of the Gandarva community of Kaski district. It is made of Khiri wood. It has four wires and is played by rubbing and bow on the wires. The people of the Gandarva community play the Sarangi along with there own local songs that talk about the various incidents that happened in the country.

Flute(Bansuri/Murali): It is made by making a hole in a small piece of hollow bamboo pipe. It is a popular musical instrument throughout the country. It is played by blowing air with our mouth.

Jhyali/Jhyamta/Jhurma: It is one of the musical instruments of Panchai Baja. It is made of bronze metal. It is played with our both hands.

Narasingha: It is a also one of the musical instruments of Panchai Baja, and is made of copper. It is long and curved like a half circle.

Sahanai: It is also a part of Panchai Baja. It is made of metal and played by blowing air with our mouth.
Nagara/Damaha; It is also one of the musical instruments of Panchai Baja. It is like a Nagara but small in size.

Tyamko: It is made up of large shell of the conch found in the sea and ocean. It is played by blowing air with our mouth. It is played during puja and other religious ceremonies of the Hindus. It is also blown when dead body is taken to the ghat for cremation.

Khainchadi: It is made of wood covered with skin and is played when Roila, Balana, etc songs are sung. It is also played during Bhajan-kirtan by hindus.

Pungi: It is made of coconut shell and a hollow bamboo pipe. It is played in the terai to show the snake dance.

Yalamber: It is made of bamboo with two wires. It is used by the kirant community.

Tunga: This is a popular musical instrument used in the Himalaya region. It is made from rhododendron wood and has four wires like the sarangi.

Ekatare: It is used by the sages and ascetics. It is made of wood, leather and string.

Urni: It is used by the Dhimal community and made of the bark of coconut, skin and stick.

Dhol/Dholak: It is made of wood which is hollow inside and is covered with leather.

Shringinad: It is made of the horn of Krishnasar and is used by the sages.
Phasmuk: It is used in Limbu community and made of three pieces of bamboo.
Dhyangro: It is used by a witch doctor like Dhami-Jhankri and made of wood and leather.
Hudko: It is like a Dhamaru and used in the Mid-western and Far-western regions.
Pung: It is made of the horn of an ox and is popular among the Kirant community of Solu area.
Binayo: It is popular among the Kiranti people. It is made by making a hole in a piece of bamboo and thread is connected to both ends.
Damphu: This musical instrument is used in Tamang community and made by covering the wood with the leather.
Masak: It looks like the Sarangi and is used in Bajhang district.
Dafali: It is used in the terai region of the Mid-west and village in Mithila. It is circular wooden frame with one side covered with leather. It is played during the Holi festival.
Murchung: It is made of iron and it produces the sound like Binayo. It is also popular among the Kiranti people.
Dakkrai: This is used in Mithila area and is made of wood joining six wires.
Irlung Pipari: It is used in Kusunda Community and played by blowing.

Panchai Baja is one of the oldest and unique musical instruments of Nepal. It consists of five different musical instruments. They are: Narasigha, Jhyali, Sahanai, Nagara and Tyamko. It is played in Nepal only so it gives the identity of our country. This musical instrument is played during the wedding ceremony by the Damai community. Such musical instrument is being displaced by the imported band musical instrument in urban areas and is being displaced slowly in rural areas. The following measures should be taken to continue the practice of Panchai Baja in our society.
-      -    The Damai community who are involved in playing this musical instrument cannot earn their living only by playing this instrument so they are diverted in other occupations. Government should make such a provision that this community can earn their livelihood by involving in this profession.

-     -     Panchai Bajas should also be made compulsory during other ceremonies like observing National Days besides wedding ceremony.